Every Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) as well at IT Security professional understands that job one is cyber security risk mitigation. No one individual or even entire pool of company resources can ever guarantee complete protection from cyber-attacks so the best you can strive for is an idealized version risk mitigation. But that starts requires starting with an understanding of the current and ever-changing risks matched to the current and ever-improving security best practices for secure software development life cycles.
The Rise of Operation Resilience Management
A career in cyber security is rather lucrative nowadays but also creates its own set of challenges thanks in large part to the ever changing threat landscape. These threats can come from literally ever direction possible. Security Boulevard offers this in an article titled “OT Cybersecurity in 2021 and Beyond Series: Part II – Risk Management”:
“While 2020 may be most notable for the COVID-19 pandemic, the year also saw massive shifts in technology and connectivity. First, both technology and connectivity were put to the test in a way unseen previously as nearly the entire business world moved from offices to working from home. And with it came the onslaught of cyber-attacks.
From cyber threats to the U.S. power grid and attacks targeting Australia to Garmin’s five-day outage and the SolarWinds supply chain attack, 2020 revealed the stark truth that technology adoption seems to far outpace security — especially when it comes to operational technology (OT).
Organizations can waste no time in protecting their critical operations. And to help, Mission Secure collaborated with guest authors from various perspectives to share their insights on what’s next for OT cybersecurity and what organizations need to consider as they plan their 2021 cyber-protection strategies and beyond.”
The article quotes Gartner as saying:
“A focus on ORM – or operational resilience management – beyond information-centric cybersecurity is sorely needed.”
This begs the question of how to achieve operational resilience management by starting with your cyber security risk management.
5 Ways To Improve Cyber Security Risk Management
To help ensure success you should leverage software security tools and secure development expertise to help identify and remediate vulnerabilities in your development cycles. Start by implementing the following 5 processes:
- Manual Security Assessment: A manual security assessment will target key points within the application. Specifically, code that has a direct impact on access control, authorization, database queries, and business logic will be reviewed for security weaknesses. Assessments should be performed in a hybrid fashion (code and dynamic review) when code is available. This service should be performed on a monthly basis or when there is a need for testing, such as an upcoming release.
- Automated Security Assessments: Automated dynamic and static assessments should be used to augment the Manual Security Assessment and allow for complete coverage of your code base under review. After configuring and running the selected tool, you should review the findings generated by the tool for validity and accuracy.
- Manual Validation: As part of the validation process for both the manual and automated reviews, you should create Proof-of-Concept (PoC) attacks and test those attacks against a locally running non-production version of the site or application. This will help you assess the actual risk level of a security finding and ensure that only legitimate issues are reported at the appropriate risk level.
- Code Remediation: Select a service designed to act as an extension of your development team to ensure you don’t end up with a pile of unresolved bugs and security debt. You may need to augment your team by following their methodology as we submit the code fixes. Selecting the right vendor will also provide you the ability to develop, test, and deliver patches for those vulnerabilities as they are identified. This will reduce the time issues are open and reduce the risk they present to the organization. It will also reduce the workload for both the security and development teams.
- Scanner Optimization: Static code analysis is a powerful method for finding defects in raw source code; however, without proper implementation and optimization, tools are often ineffective. You will need to tune your scanning tool to effectively identify vulnerabilities and eliminate common false positives. Engineers can focus on remediating the true issues without being overwhelmed deciphering what is valid. The tools used to find vulnerabilities are often solely focused on scanning the application’s files. However, when tuned for integration with the build environment, the end result is a more efficient, thorough, and actionable scan. A great vendor will work with you to ensure that the scanning tool provides the best possible results to maximize test coverage and reduce false-positives and false-negatives. This is paramount to ensure early detection and efficient remediation of security vulnerabilities.
By integrating with your team’s existing development processes to help build a more robust software security program within your organization, you will build out a set of best practices for security integration.
Cyber Security Risk Management Made Easy
Cyber security risk mitigation begins with understanding secure SDLC and it isn’t as hard as you may believe. By integrating security into the development process, nVisium strives to find and help fix security vulnerabilities in our client's software while teaching our clients the importance of incorporating security from the ground up. We offer a range of comprehensive services to ensure that you and your company are protected from cyber threats, including security assessments, software assurance, and training. Core to security integration is a proper security assessment strategy. Let nVisium help you with:
- Applications: A standard assessment combines static and dynamic analysis, which allows our team to evaluate all aspects of an application and test risk mitigation solutions, this service also offers the most precise remediation advice.
- Internet of Things (IoT): IoT presents its own unique set of security challenges and requires a broad skillset for assessing. Our IoT assessments identify weaknesses in an entire IoT architecture including software, hardware, API, and web/mobile components.
- Networks: Using a combination of automated and manual techniques, our team will identify risks to your systems and networks that attackers could find and exploit. We will provide detailed information of our findings along with recommendations to help remediation efforts.
- Mobile: Identify weaknesses in how an application interacts with the mobile device, the remote APIs it communicates with, how the application is written, and the libraries it uses to function.
- Cloud: Assessments of AWS, Azure, or GCP go beyond the simple security issues that are easily detected through automation. We get to know the business purpose behind your architecture, review the design, and begin an analysis of security controls, monitoring and alerting, hardening, and IAM policies and permissions…. And BTW, we are an AWS Partner