It should go without saying that the cost of poor software development can be catastrophic. Not just in the security vulnerabilities that may be opened up to cyber attacks but the overall impact to the organization. In fact, a Consortium for IT Software Quality (CISQ) report has the cost of poor quality software in the US in 2018 is approximately $2.84 trillion, so imagine where that number is today.
Software Security And CI/CD
Software development teams are under constant pressure to ensure the security of everything built and deployed. The cost of failure can be significant, so new techniques are being utilized to ensure success. One such approach is Continuous Integration (CI) and Continuous Delivery (CD) enables application development teams to deliver code changes more frequently and reliably. An Infoworld article further defines CI/CD as:
“Continuous integration is a coding philosophy and set of practices that drive development teams to implement small changes and check in code to version control repositories frequently. Because most modern applications require developing code in different platforms and tools, the team needs a mechanism to integrate and validate its changes.”
The article goes on to offer that:
“The technical goal of CI is to establish a consistent and automated way to build, package, and test applications. With consistency in the integration process in place, teams are more likely to commit code changes more frequently, which leads to better collaboration and software quality.
Continuous delivery picks up where continuous integration ends. CD automates the delivery of applications to selected infrastructure environments. Most teams work with multiple environments other than the production, such as development and testing environments, and CD ensures there is an automated way to push code changes to them.”
The true value of CI/CD in your software security program can be improved with continuous testing as well.
Improving Your Software Security Program
Bottomline, in order to be successful, you will need automated test coverage as well as well-designed deployment and runtime security controls for end-to-end security. The types of testing you should perform at different phases of your CI/CD pipeline vary depending on the state of your software and built packages. The most commonly used testing techniques for security best practices in CI/CD include:
- Static analysis
- Dynamic analysis
- Software Composition Analysis/Software Bill of Materials (SBOM)
- Unit Testing
- Chaos Testing
- Interactive Security Testing (IAST)
For example, static analysis is typically run post compilation but prior to building an application, while unit testing requires building and running an application to perform various tests at runtime while either mocking out components or setting up an elaborate testing infrastructure.
Security testing can be built into automated workflows through plugins, integrations, and often, elaborate scripts and custom tooling to glue systems together. The goal of embedding security checks across our stages is to ensure we are identifying issues where we can achieve the highest levels of both speed and precision. Better yet, you should consider a trusted (objective) 3rd party to help out with this level of testing.
Next Generation Integrated Security Assessments, Remediation and Training
DevSecOps and software developers require a trusted advisor that can provide in-depth security assessments, code remediation, and training unique to your business operations and compliance initiatives – before cyber threats exploit your web or mobile applications, networks, cloud infrastructure, or IoT products.
nVisium empowers organizations to eliminate application and cloud security vulnerabilities before cyber threats exploit them with proven in-depth security assessments, remediation and training programs. Our experienced team of security-savvy developers and engineers guide organizations to build best practices with high ROI into their engineering and secure development lifecycles across applications, operating systems, networks, mobile, cloud and IoT through services, software solutions and R&D unique to business operations and compliance initiatives. Additionally, nVisium provides a fully managed platform for tracking and measuring performance as well as instructor-led and online training.
Our security-savvy team implements leading-edge assessment techniques and world-class secure development training programs to eliminate vulnerabilities for both global enterprises as well as startup organizations, so when you are ready, schedule a consultation today or download our new eBook titled “Demystifying DevSecOps” to get started yourself.